Helpful Irrigation Tips for Farmers

Irrigation Tips

A quality irrigation system is the best way for farmers to make the farmland healthy. To promote the good health of plants and vitality, regular hydration is involved in the irrigation system. Anyhow, here is a quick guide for farmers on irrigation.

  1. The soil type
  2. Work on Drip Irrigation System
  3. Use a method to avoid wasting water


  1. The soil type

The soil composition is an essential factor to consider when it comes to the irrigation system on farmland. First, you should understand the soil type to determine how much water the soil can take during the irrigation. Compared to clay soil, usually, sandier soils drown water quicker. So, if you want to make a proper irrigation system, you need to understand the land’s soil type.

  1. Work on Drip Irrigation System

Generally, drip irrigation systems focus on the roots only, unlike sprinkler systems. Therefore, implementing the drip irrigation system is essential for water efficiency since it saves you time. At the same time, this assures you the sprinklers are hitting the plants’ roots. Additionally, direct irrigation is essential for better crops and promoting plants’ good health and faster growth.

  1. Use a method to avoid wasting water

While hydrating your crops, you can examine how much runoff occurs if you are concerned about water conservation. When you provide more water rather than the capacity of the soil, then you are actually wasting water. Moreover, you should space the overwatering of the crops if you are using a sprinkler system to irrigate your land.

Hopefully, you find these three steps helpful. Let’s talk about different types of irrigation systems.

  1. Level basin systems
  2. Furrow systems
  3. Center-pivot sprinkler systems
  4. Border check or Flood systems
  5. Solid set and fixed sprinkler systems
  6. Traveling gun sprinkler systems
  7. Hand move sprinkler systems
  8. Side-roll wheel-move systems
  9. Low-flow irrigation systems
  10. Linear or lateral-move systems


Level basin systems

The level basin system means the water is applied at a high volume to achieve rapid and even ponding for the desired application.


Furrow System

When the water flows down a slope across a paddock using the small channels, this system is known as the furrow system. Usually, the furrow system follows a straight line for the water flow. But sometimes, it could be curved as well on the land. The curved system is on the steeply sloping ground. And the row crops are grown between the furrows spaced from 1 meter.

Center-pivot sprinkler systems

Generally, center-pivot sprinkler systems are self-propelled systems that support a single pipeline. Additionally, the row mobile tower supports the center-pivot sprinkler system, which is about 2 to 4 meters above the ground.

Border check or Flood systems

The parallel ridges separate this system, divided by the paddock into bays. When hills guide the sheet, water flows by the paddock slope.

Solid set and fixed sprinkler systems

Generally, the pipelines are fixed, whereas the sprinkler nozzles expand on the surface. For crop cooling or frost protection, the solid system is widely used.

Traveling gun sprinkler systems

Usually, traveling guns are mounted on a trailer or wheel with a rubber hose. Remember, if you want to use this irrigation system, you need high operating pressures.

Hand move sprinkler systems

The lightweight pipeline section is the hand-move sprinkler system that is manually moved.

Side-roll wheel-move systems

It is a side-roll system when you are irrigating the land with large-diameter wheels.

Low-flow irrigation systems

When the small-diameter tubes are placed below the surface or above, it is a low-flow irrigation system.

Linear or lateral-move systems

This is similar to the center-pivot system; it doesn’t require any tower for irrigation.