A quality irrigation system is the best way for farmers to make the farmland healthy. To promote the good health of plants and vitality, regular hydration is involved in the irrigation system. Anyhow, here is a quick guide for farmers on irrigation.
- The soil type
- Work on Drip Irrigation System
- Use a method to avoid wasting water
The soil type
The soil composition is an essential factor to consider when it comes to the irrigation system on farmland. First, you should understand the soil type to determine how much water the soil can take during the irrigation. Compared to clay soil, usually, sandier soils drown water quicker. So, if you want to make a proper irrigation system, you need to understand the land’s soil type.
Work on Drip Irrigation System
Generally, drip irrigation systems focus on the roots only, unlike sprinkler systems. Therefore, implementing the drip irrigation system is essential for water efficiency since it saves you time. At the same time, this assures you the sprinklers are hitting the plants’ roots. Additionally, direct irrigation is essential for better crops and promoting plants’ good health and faster growth.
Use a method to avoid wasting water
While hydrating your crops, you can examine how much runoff occurs if you are concerned about water conservation. When you provide more water rather than the capacity of the soil, then you are actually wasting water. Moreover, you should space the overwatering of the crops if you are using a sprinkler system to irrigate your land.
Hopefully, you find these three steps helpful. Let’s talk about different types of irrigation systems.
- Level basin systems
- Furrow systems
- Center-pivot sprinkler systems
- Border check or Flood systems
- Solid set and fixed sprinkler systems
- Traveling gun sprinkler systems
- Hand move sprinkler systems
- Side-roll wheel-move systems
- Low-flow irrigation systems
- Linear or lateral-move systems
Level basin systems
The level basin system means the water is applied at a high volume to achieve rapid and even ponding for the desired application.
When the water flows down a slope across a paddock using the small channels, this system is known as the furrow system. Usually, the furrow system follows a straight line for the water flow. But sometimes, it could be curved as well on the land. The curved system is on the steeply sloping ground. And the row crops are grown between the furrows spaced from 1 meter.
Center-pivot sprinkler systems
Generally, center-pivot sprinkler systems are self-propelled systems that support a single pipeline. Additionally, the row mobile tower supports the center-pivot sprinkler system, which is about 2 to 4 meters above the ground.
Border check or Flood systems
The parallel ridges separate this system, divided by the paddock into bays. When hills guide the sheet, water flows by the paddock slope.
Solid set and fixed sprinkler systems
Generally, the pipelines are fixed, whereas the sprinkler nozzles expand on the surface. For crop cooling or frost protection, the solid system is widely used.
Traveling gun sprinkler systems
Usually, traveling guns are mounted on a trailer or wheel with a rubber hose. Remember, if you want to use this irrigation system, you need high operating pressures.
Hand move sprinkler systems
The lightweight pipeline section is the hand-move sprinkler system that is manually moved.
Side-roll wheel-move systems
It is a side-roll system when you are irrigating the land with large-diameter wheels.
Low-flow irrigation systems
When the small-diameter tubes are placed below the surface or above, it is a low-flow irrigation system.
Linear or lateral-move systems
This is similar to the center-pivot system; it doesn’t require any tower for irrigation.